October 2, 2018 Professor Dr Vishna Devi Nadarajah

Professor Dr Vishna Devi V Nadarajah

Professor Dr Vishna Devi Nadarajah

BSc (Hons) (Mal), MHPE (Maastricht), PhD (Cambridge)

Adjunct Professor

Areas of Expertise
Faculty Development, Assessment, Teaching and Learning, Educational Frameworks

[email protected]

Orcid ID


Involvement in Conference/Symposium/Faculty Development Activities


  1. Symposia speaker on faculty development at the 12th APMEC conference and 3rd International Conference on Faculty Development at Singapore, February 2015.
  2. Workshop trainer for PBL facilitator training and trigger writing at the School of Medicine, MAHSA University and School of Dentistry, SEGi University between January to March 2015.
  3. Speaker on Outcomes Based Education at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Manipal, India, February 2015.
  4. Management committee for AMEA and presenter at ANZAHPE-AMEA 2015 Conference, Newcastle Australia, 29th March – 1st April 2015.
  5. Invited Supervisor for the 1st APME-Net (Asian Pacific Medical Education Network) in Niigata Japan, 24th – 29th July 2015.
  6. Workshop trainer for Case Based Learning and Trigger Writing at the Department of Oral and Maxilofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry University of Malaya in July 2015 and January 2016.
  7. Invited Speaker for the South East Asian Dental Education Conference, in Bali Indonesia, 12th – 15th August 2015.
  8. Invited Speaker for the Symposiums on “The Recent Issues in Medical Education”, UniKL RCMP Main Campus, Ipoh, Perak, August 2015.
  9. Chairpersons of poster sessions and oral presenter (Tittle: “Developing Problem Based Learning (PBL) facilitation skills through faculty development programmes that incorporate adult learning theoretical frameworks”) at AMEE 2015 Glasgow, 6th – 9th September 2015.
  10. Workshop trainer for Case-Based Learning at Faculty of Dentistry, SEGi University, October 2015.
  11. Course Director and Facilitator for the IMU Leadership Course (2013 till present). Since 2015 this course is in Collaboration with ASME (with Professor Judy McKimm as the main facilitator)
  12. Workshop trainer for Flipped Classroom at the School of Dentistry UiTM, November 2015.


  1. Symposia Speaker on Commodification of Medical Education at the 13th APMEC at Singapore, January 2016
  2. Invited to review and advice on the newly developed outcomes-based curriculum at University Muhammadiyah Sumatra Utara, Medan, Indonesia, July 2016.
  3. Invited Supervisor for the Asia Pacific Research Network Meeting (APME-Net) (3rd Niigaata Meeting) and International Poster Session Judge at the Japan Society for Medical Education meeting in Osaka, Japan, July 2016.
  4. Workshop facilitator and Symposia speaker on Experiential and Reflective Learning for the SEARAME conference in Yangon Myanmar, November 2016.


  1. Symposia Speaker on Clinical Learning Experience in Different Worlds: Students' Perception and Performance in Various Healthcare Systems at the 14th APMEC at Singapore, January 2017
  2. Speaker for i) Symposium on “Transcultural medical education”, ii) “Symposium on International curriculum: why and how” at Medical Education Conference (AMEC), Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, 16 – 20 May 2017
  3. Speaker on “Tips for educators: Lessons learnt from the development of an online assessment system (OAS) for health professional programmes’ at Conference of Learning, Teaching and Training (COLT), Kuala Lumpur, 22 – 23 May 2017
  4. Facilitator for workshop on CBL, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 12 July 2017
  5. Facilitator and resource person for IPE workshop, University of Nursing Yangon, Myanmar, 7 – 9 Aug 2017
  6. Workshop speaker on “Faculty Development Programmes: Trends, Innovations, Practicalities and Sustainability (TIPS)” at IMU Dental Conference (iDEC 2017), IMU, 23 – 24 Sept 2017
  7. Invited Speaker for Seminar; Resource management and diversification in Malaysian universities: a discourse, organized by the University of Nottingham Malaysia, 24 Oct 2017
  8. Resource person and speaker at the Colombo Conference 2017, Sri Lanka, 10 – 11 Nov 2017
  9. Speaker for the session on Teaching Medicine in the Asian Context (Title: “Are We Different or Similar to the Rest of the World?”), AMEA 2017, Hong Kong, 14 - 16 Dec 2017


  1. Pre-conference workshop speaker (Title: From Conceptualisation to Implementation: Development of an Online Assessment System), Moderator for Panel Discussion: Gamification in Higher Education - Usefulness and Impact on Learning and Practice, Chief Judge for Free Communications, 15th APMEC 2018, Singapore, 11 – 13 Jan 2018
  2. Pre-conference workshop speaker (Title: Development and Implementation of Online Assessment System (OAS) for Health Professions Education based on Educational Frameworks: Practical tips for Success), Ottawa 2018, Abu Dhabi, 10 – 14 March 2018
  3. Guest speaker for Continual Medical Education Talk (Title: Development, contextualisation and utilisation of an online assessment system (OAS) for outcomes-based education (OBE): Lessons for Medical Educators, Monash University Malaysia, 26 April 2018
  4. Facilitator for workshop on Aligning and Contextualising Programme Educational Objectives (PEO) and Programme Learning Outcomes (PLO), IMU, Kuala Lumpur, 3 May 2018
  5. Facilitator for Manuscript Writing Workshop, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand, 5 – 8 July 2018
  6. Facilitator for Teaching and Learning Workshop, University of Puthisastra, Cambodia, 3 – 5 August 2018
  7. Invited Speaker for Symposium – “Simulating medical education and medical education research: The dean’s perspective”, and conference workshop speaker – “Global Mobility and Preparedness of Medical Graduates and Students for Clinical Transitions: the case for an international medical curriculum”, AMEE 2018, Base, Switzerland, 25 – 29 August 2018
  8. Panel speaker for Symposium – Challenges in Medical Education & Practice, Malaysian Medical Summit 2018, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 19 August 2018
  9. Facilitator for post conference workshop – “Ready for practice: facilitating dental students’ transitions between different clinical settings, communities and cultures”, SEAADE 2018, Danang, Vietnam, 11 – 14 September 2018
  10. Facilitator for pre-conference workshop – Assessment of teamwork in Interprofessional Education (IPE), JAKMED 2018, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, 17 -21 October 2018
  11. Speaker for the session “Developing a Consensus Statement on Personalized Learning: A Malaysian HEP perspective”, MAEMHS Conference 2018 & 27th Annual General Meeting, Faculty of Medicine UiTM, Selayang Campus, 16 – 17 November 2018
  12. Invited Speaker - Assessment and evaluation of IPE, ICON-IPEPC 2018, Melaka Manipal Medical College Melaka, 17 -18 December 2018


  1. Speaker for symposium session – “Achieving Excellence from Non-Public Sector Enterprise”, APMEC 2019, National University Singapore, 9 – 13 January 2019
  2. Speaker for Seminar on Quality, Improvement and Benchmarking in Modern Medical Education, Kazakhstan Medical University KSPH, Almaty, 4 – 9 February 2019
  3. Speaker for session “Lecturer Facilitation Skills Team Based Approached & Patient Perspective”, Training of Trainers (Tot) Program Steno Reach Certificate Course (SRCC), Malaysia Ministry of Health, 20 April 2019
  4. Speaker at the 25th Malaysian Dietitians’ Association National Conference 2019, Kuala Lumpur, 23 – 24 June 2019
  5. Facilitator for Workshop Developing Module Learning Outcomes Following SMART Principles, IMU, 31 July 2019
  6. Speaker at SEAADE symposium “Measuring Effectiveness and Impact: Key Challenges and Considerations”, SEAADE 2019, Kuala Lumpur, 6 – 7 August 2019
  7. Speaker for Pre Conference Workshop “Supporting learners’ successful transitions throughout the health professions education continuum with the meaningful use of technology”, speaker for Conference Workshop: Development of Institutional Assessment Framework: Practical Approaches for Postgraduate Education, Moderator for Posters: Student: Engagement / Peer Assisted Learning / Student as Teacher, AMEE 2019, Vienna, 24 – 28 August 2019
  8. Invitation Speaker for Plenary: Shifting in Teaching Paradigm: Innovation Through Collaborative Education, ILKKM Regional Conference on Medical and Health Sciences 2019, Kuala Lumpur, 3 – 4 September 2019
  9. Speaker for Pre-conference workshop: Flip Classroom (Faculty of Medicine, University of Jaffna), Symposium - Educational Leadership, and Symposium - Faculty Development, Colombo Conference in Medical Education, Sri Lanka, 11 – 15 November 2019
  10. Facilitator for workshop on education and research, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, 23 – 24 November 2019
  11. Speaker for Pre-conference workshop: Development of an institutional assessment framework, and Plenary 1 - No negotiations, faculty development is crucial for student centered, 3rd International conference on Health Professions Education, University of Lahore, Pakistan, 4th- 6th December 2019


  1. Speaker for Symposium: Exploring How Emotional Intelligence, Cultural Intelligence and Unconscious Bias Awareness Are Integrated into Professional Values: From Theory To Action, Symposium: Social Media in HPE: 'Winter is Coming", 17th Asia Pacific Medical Education Conference (APMEC), Singapore, 9 – 12 January 2020
  2. Speaker for Opening Plenary: Overcoming Barriers to Curricular Revision: Perspectives from Faculty and Administration Leaders, IAMSE 2020 Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 28 February 2020
  3. Speaker for Pre-conference workshop: “Just because we can does it mean we should? Using technology to determine assessment and progression”, conference workshop: “Workshop: Consensus Group on Technology in Assessment”, Symposium: “Resits, Remediation and Regulations: A revisit and redefinition of assessment practices using”, Plenary : “Consensus Statement Reports - Technology in Assessment”, Ottawa 2020 Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 29 February – 4 March 2020
  4. Speaker for 2nd National webinar on Teaching-Learning and assessment preparedness for online and remote learning for medical education: Impact on Accreditation, MAEMHS, 27 March 2020
  5. Speaker for Webinar: Delivery and Assessment System in Dental Education during Pandemic, Universitas Airlangga, 26 June 2020
  6. Speaker for APBSEA 2nd Webinar: Lesson from Covid-19 and Moving Ahead: Perspective on Assessment and Feedback, topic “Online Assessments: Strategies for Implementation and Getting Stakeholders buy in”, Asia-Pacific Biomedical Science Educators Association, 24 June 2020
  7. Speaker for Webinar collaboration with Ministry of Health, Malaysia - Webinar: Design, Delivery and Evaluation (DDE) of Virtual CME’s: Practical TIPS for Effectiveness, IMU, 30 June 2020
  8. Speaker for Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth Webinar on Integration of Information and Communication Technology in Online Medical Education – National and International Perspective, topic “Online Medical Education: Integrating communication Technology in Health Professions Training – ASEAN Countries Perspective, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, India, 15 July 2020
  9. Speaker for Webinar: “Integration of Information and Communication Technology in Online Medical Education – National And International Perspective”, topic: Cultural Competencies in Health Professions Education, University of Surrey, UK, 29 July 2020
  10. Speaker for QS SFS Medicine (Virtual) 2020: “East meets West: How medical schools adapted to COVID-19” -, University of Chulalongkorn, Bangkok, Thailand, 4-6 August 2020
  11. Speaker and facilitator for Pre-conference workshop Masterclass: Technology and Assessment, speaker for Forum: Digital professionalism & culture: impact on medical student health & wellbeing, AMEE Virtual Conference 2020, UK, 7 – 10 September 2020
  12. Speaker for Pre-conference workshop, “Adapting to and sustaining online assessments”, Plenary Talk’s speaker: “Investing in People: A sustainable and equitable approach for health professions education, 4th ICHPE Virtual Conference, University of Lahore, Pakistan, 21 – 22 October 2020
  13. Speaker for 13th Webinar Session titled "Online Teaching & Assessment in Medical Education - Current Trends and Future Directions", Shalamar Medical & Dental College Lahore, Pakistan, 18 December 2020


  1. Speaker for Symposium 8: Leadership and Followership Amidst Uncertainties: Reflections For Action in Medical and Health Professions' Education, APMEC 2021, Singapore, 23 – 24 January 2021
  2. Facilitator for Workshop on Open Book Assessment, and Keynote Speaker on Faculty development- The Road less travelled, 5th International Virtual Conference 2021, Shalamar Medical & Dental College Lahore, Pakistan, 3 – 6 February 2021
  3. Speaker for MedEd Talks – TUF, “Lady Bosses: Challenges and Opportunities for Females in Leadership Roles in Medical Education, The University of Faisalbad, Lahore, 22 March 2021
  4. Speaker for Virtual Mission Southeast Asia Life Sciences & Health - Expert session: Improving health care with medical education and training, Southeast Asia & the Netherlands, 29 June 2021
  5. Facilitator for workshop : Partnering with clients, VetEd21, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Surrey, UK, 7-9 July 2021
  6. Speaker for Webinar entitled 'Producing Doctors Of The Future:Is It A Dream?', Faculty of Medicine, University Technology Mara, Selangor, Malaysia, 22 September 2021
  7. Speaker for I AM HPExplore Webinar Series on Medical and Health Professions Education with the theme ‘Leadership Training for Medical and Health Profession Students’, Indonesian College of Health Professions Education, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 23 September 2021
  8. Speaker for Panel Discussion ‘Kampus Merdeka’: Adopting the philosophy of personalized learning in medical and health professions education, 13th JAKMED 2021, Universitas Indonesia, 23 – 24 October 2021
  9. Chairperson for session " Plenary 01: ‘Research in Health Professions’ Education: Why what and how?’, 3rd Colombo Conference on Medical Education 2021, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, 19 November 2021


  1. Facilitator for Pre-Conference Workshop: Peer Observation of Teaching: Providing A Safe and Supportive Environment for Faculty, APMEC 2022, National University of Singapore/ University of Malaya, 12 – 16 January 2022
  2. Chairperson for Plenary 2: In Harmony with the Local Wisdom: A Way Forward for Health Professions Training, APMEC 2022, National University of Singapore/ University of Malaya, 12 – 16 January 2022
  3. Keynote speaker “Future Proofing Health Professionals Education: Institutional Readiness for Change”, 6th International Virtual Conference 2022 of Shalamar Medical & Dental College Lahore, 5 February 2022

Publications in Health Professions Education

The Way Forward: A Multi-Directional Global Conversation on Culture and Learning
VD Nadarajah, M Claramita, A Findyartini, D Samarasekera, H Nishigori
Challenges and Opportunities in Health Professions Education, 293-308, 2022

Using Learning Theories to Develop a Veterinary Student Preparedness Toolkit for Workplace Clinical Training
J Routh, S Paramasivam, P Cockcroft, VD Nadarajah, K Jeevaratnam.
EdArXiv, 2021

An Analysis of Health Science Students’ Preparedness and Perception of Interactive Virtual Laboratory Simulation
YY Kok, HM Er, VD Nadarajah.
Medical Science Educator 31 (6), 1919-1929, 2021

Evaluation of immediate impact of Faculty Development Programme using a pretest–post-test study design format
S Hassan, SP Venkateswaran, VD Nadarajah.
Innovation and Education 3 (1), 1-9, 2021

Co-creating scholarship through collaborative writing in health professions education: AMEE Guide No. 143
S Ramani, J McKimm, K Forrest, R Hays, J Bishop, H Thampy, A Findyartini, VD Nadarajah, R Kusurkar, K Wilson, H Filipe, E Kachur
Medical Teacher, 1-11, 2021

Twelve tips for developing a global community of scholars in health professions education
S Ramani, J McKimm, A Findyartini, VD Nadarajah, R Hays, MS Chisolm, HP Filipe, A Fornari, EK Kachur, RA Kusurkar, H Thampy, KW Wilson
Medical teacher 43 (8), 966-971, 2021

Mind Your Language: Factors Enhancing Students’ English Language Skills in an International Medical Programme (IMP)
SMH Chan, NH Mamat, VD Nadarajah, 2021

Developing a Professionalism Education Framework at the Institutional Level with Multidisciplinary Consensus.
CF Sow, MN Chandratilake, VD Nadarajah
Education in Medicine Journal 13 (2) 2021

Veterinary Education during Covid-19 and Beyond—Challenges and Mitigating Approaches
J Routh, SJ Paramasivam, P Cockcroft, VD Nadarajah, K Jeevaratnam
Animals 11 (6), 1818, 2021

Improving the learning process in anatomy practical sessions of chiropractic program using e-learning tool
NK Mitra, HH Aung, M Kumari, J Perera, A Sivakumar, A Singh, VD Nadarajah
Translational Research in Anatomy 23, 100100, 2021

Investing in scholarship for health professions education: Learning from the past to move into the future
VD Nadarajah, VKE Lim, AA Baba
Medical teacher 43 (sup1), S1-S4, 2021

Transfer of knowledge, skills and confidence from a faculty development programme for health professions educators into practice
CF Chia, VD Nadarajah, V Lim, S Kutzsche
Medical teacher 43 (sup1), S46-S52, 2021

IMoCC–Measure of cultural competence among medical students in the Malaysian context
M Chandratilake, VD Nadarajah, RMB Mohd Sani
Medical teacher 43 (sup1), S53-S58, 2021

Validation of a ‘work readiness scale’for health professional (HP) graduates
SS Syed Aznal, VDV Nadarajah, SK Kwa, LL Seow, DWK Chong, N Molugulu, EJ Khoo, PS Keng
Medical teacher 43 (sup1), S33-S38, 2021

Twelve tips for institutional approach to outcome-based education in health professions programmes
HM Er, VD Nadarajah, YS Chen, S Misra, J Perera, S Ravindranath, YY Hla
Medical Teacher 43 (sup1), S12-S17, 2021

Student evaluation of the learning environment in an undergraduate pharmacy programme: lessons for educators
NH Mamat, VD Nadarajah, HM Er, S Ramamurthy, PCK Pook
Medical teacher 43 (sup1), S25-S32, 2021

Practical Considerations for Online Open Book Examinations in Remote Settings
HM Er, VD Nadarajah, PS Wong, NK Mitra, Z Ibrahim
MedEdPublish 9 (153), 153, 2021

Gender and medical education authorship: Moving forward comfortably with necessary conversations.
VD Nadarajah
Medical education, 2021

'Surviving to thriving': Leading health professions' education through change, crisis & uncertainty
J McKimm, S Ramani, VD Nadarajah
Asia Pacific Scholar 6 (3), 32-44 , 2021

Study of the impact of objective structured laboratory examination to evaluate students’ practical competencies
E Chitra, S Ramamurthy, SM Mohamed, VD Nadarajah
Journal of Biological Education, 1-10, 2020

Capturing the wisdom of the crowd: health professions’ educators meet at a virtual world café
J McKimm, S Ramani, RA Kusurkar, A Fornari, VD Nadarajah, H Thampy, HP Filipe, EK Kachur, R Hays
Perspectives on medical education 9 (6), 385-390, 2020

Development of and First Experiences with a Framework (EASI) for Options and Implementation Opportunities for Online Clinical and Communication Skills Learning
VD Nadarajah, CF Sow, SS Syed Aznal, A Montagu, K Boursicot, HM Er
Journal of medical education and curricular development 7, 2382120520970894, 2020

Quality assurance in education: perception of undergraduate health professions students in a Malaysian university
HM Er, VD Nadarajah, SH Ng, AN Wong
Korean journal of medical education 32 (3), 185, 2020

Admission policies and methods at crossroads: a review of medical school admission policies and methods in seven Asian countries
D Soemantri, I Karunathilake, JH Yang, SC Chang, CH Lin, VD Nadarajah, H Nishigori, DD Samarasekera, SS Lee, LR Tanchoco, G Ponnamperuma
Korean journal of medical education 32 (3), 243, 2020

Virtual speed mentoring in challenging times
HK Thampy, S Ramani, J McKimm, VD Nadarajah
The Clinical Teacher 17 (4), 430-432 , 2020

Turning around a medical education conference: Ottawa 2020 in the time of COVID-19
VD Nadarajah, HM Er, P Lilley
Medical Education 54 (8), 760-761, 2020

‘Being international is always a good thing’: A multicentre interview study on ethics in international medical education
E Brouwer, J Frambach, K Somodi, VD Nadarajah, E Driessen
Medical education 54 (5), 427-435, 2020

Educating universal professionals or global physicians? A multi-centre study of international medical programmes design
E Brouwer, E Driessen, NH Mamat, VD Nadarajah, K Somodi, J Frambach
Medical teacher 42 (2), 221-227, 2020

Self-reported perception of a Dedicated research semester in Pharmacy curriculum in enhancing research competencies
EL Tan, SY Gan, WM Lim, PCK Pook, VD Nadarajah, 2020

Lessons learnt from the development and implementation of an online assessment system for medical science programmes
HM Er, VD Nadarajah, RB Hays, N Yusoff, KLY Loh
Medical science educator 29 (4), 1103-1108, 2019

Pharmacy Students’ Perceptions of Reflective Portfolios and their Effect on Students’ Deep Information-Processing Skills
HM Er, MKJ Ming, PS Keng, VD Nadarajah
American journal of pharmaceutical education 83 (6), 2019      

Twelve tips for enhancing student engagement
H Peters, M Zdravkovic, M João Costa, A Celenza, K Ghias, D Klamen, L Mossop, M Rieder, VD Nadarajah, D Wangsaturaka, M Wohlin, M Weggemans
Medical teacher 41 (6), 632-637, 2019

Development and validation of a script concordance test (SCT) to evaluate ethical reasoning ability among first and fifth year students in a medical school
A Pau, S Thangarajoo, VP Samuel, LC Wong, PF Wong, P Matizha, S Nalliah, VD Nadarajah
Journal of Academic Ethics 17 (2), 193-204, 2019

Building a database for curriculum mapping and analytics
YB Kang, VDD Nadarajah
MedEdPublish 1, 2019

Development of an institutional assessment framework
HM Er, AK Radhakrishnan, VD Nadarajah
Medical Education 52 (5), 572-573, 2018

Personal domains assessed in multiple mini interviews (MMIs) for healthcare student selection: A narrative synthesis systematic review
A Callwood, K Jeevaratnam, G Kotronoulas, A Schneider, L Lewis, VD Nadarajah
Nurse education today 64, 56-64, 2018

Assessment of attitudes for interprofessional team working and knowledge of health professions competencies for final year health professional students
PS Wong, SS Hasan, J Ooi, SHL Lawrence, VD Nadarajah
The Asia Pacific Scholar 3 (1), 27-37, 2018

Pharmacy students’ perceptions of reflective portfolios, and the effect of the portfolio on students’ deep information-processing skills
HM Er, MKJ Ming, PS Keng, VD Nadarajah
American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 2018

Evaluation of serum MMP-9 as predictive biomarker for antisense therapy in Duchenne
A Lourbakos, N Yau, P De Bruijn, M Hiller, K Kozaczynska, R Jean-Baptiste, M Reza, R Wolterbeek, Z Koeks, Burcu Ayoglu, D de Klerk, G Campion, I Zaharieva, VD Nadarajah, P Nilsson, Cristina Al-Khalili Szigyarto, F Muntoni, H Lochmüller, JJ Verschuuren, N Goemans, M Tulinius, EH Niks, S de Kimpe, A Aartsma-Rus, Peter AC t Hoen, P Spitali
Scientific reports 7 (1), 1-10, 2017

Student preparedness characteristics important for clinical learning: perspectives of supervisors from medicine, pharmacy and nursing
H Banneheke, VD Nadarajah, S Ramamurthy, A Sumera, S Ravindranath, K Jeevaratnam, B Efendie, L Chellamuthu, P Krishnappa, R Peterson
BMC medical education 17 (1), 1-9, 2017

Students perception of mind mapping in Problem-based learning
S Ravindranath, WK de Abrew, VD Nadarajah
Journal of Contemporary Medical Education 4 (2), 60-66, 2016

Medical students' epistemological beliefs: Implications for curriculum
D Assenheimer, K Knox, VD Nadarajah, C Zimitat
Education for Health 29 (2), 107, 2016

Study on the impact of open and closed book formative examinations on pharmacy students’ performance, perception, and learning approach
S Ramamurthy, HM Er, VD Nadarajah, PCK Pook
Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning 8 (3), 364-374, 2016

Problem-Based Learning; A Time to Reflect and Remediate
VD Nadarajah, S Ravindranath, H Bannaheke, 2016