October 30, 2018 Publication

As a centre of excellence in learning and teaching, IMU faculties are actively conducting research in Health Professions Education (HPE). There has been an increase in the number of HPE publications since IMU started its research activities in 2000. Listed below are the list of recent publications by IMU.

  1. Hassan, S., Venkateswaran, S. P., & Nadarajah, V. D. (2021). Evaluation of immediate impact of Faculty Development Programme using a pretest–post-test study design formatInnovation and Education3(1), 1-9.
  1. McKimm, J., Ramani, S., Kusurkar, R. A., Fornari, A., Nadarajah, V. D., Thampy, H., ... & Hays, R. (2020). Capturing the wisdom of the crowd: health professions’ educators meet at a virtual world café. Perspectives on Medical Education, 1-6.
  2. Ramani, S., McKimm, J., Findyartini, A., Nadarajah, V. D., Hays, R., Chisolm, M. S., ... & Thampy, H. (2020). Twelve tips for developing a global community of scholars in health professions educationMedical Teacher, 1-6.
  3. Nadarajah, V. D., Sow, C. F., Syed Aznal, S. S., Montagu, A., Boursicot, K., & Er, H. M. (2020). Development of and First Experiences with a Framework (EASI) for Options and Implementation Opportunities for Online Clinical and Communication Skills LearningJournal of Medical Education and Curricular Development7, 2382120520970894.
  4. Nadarajah, V. D., Er, H. M., & Lilley, P. (2020). Turning Around a Medical Education Conference: Ottawa2020 in the time of Covid‐19Medical Education. DOI:10.1111/medu.14197
  5. Thampy, H. K., Ramani, S., McKimm, J., & Nadarajah, V. D. (2020). Virtual speed mentoring in challenging timesThe Clinical Teacher17(4), 430-432. DOI:10.1111/tct.13216
  6. Er, H. M., Nadarajah, V. D., Ng, S. H., & Wong, A. N. (2020). Quality assurance in education: perception of undergraduate health professions students in a Malaysian universityKorean Journal of Medical Education. DOI:
  7. Er, H. M., Nadarajah, V. D., Wong, P. S., Mitra, N. K., & Ibrahim, Z. (2020). Practical Considerations for Online Open Book Examinations in Remote SettingsMedEdPublish9. DOI:
  8. Soemantri, D., Karunathilake, I., Yang, J. H., Chang, S. C., Lin, C. H., Nadarajah, V. D., ... & Ponnamperuma, G. (2020). Admission policies and methods at crossroads: a review of medical school admission policies and methods in seven Asian countriesKorean Journal of Medical Education. DOI:   
  9. Ariyananda, P. L. (2020). Do medical student on-call reflective reports show their expressions of emotional intelligence? – a qualitative study. South-east Asian Journal of Medical Education14(1), 31–39. DOI:
  10. Ariyananda, P. L. (2020). Patient Safety: Gaps in Training and Learning from Induced Errors. Sri Lankan Journal of Cardiology, 3 (1), 31-35. 
  11. Wilson, I., & Shankar, P. R. (2020). Where is an experienced medical educator when you need one?MedEdPublish9. DOI:
  12. Shankar, P. R. (2020). ‘The Doctor’ revisited during the coronavirus disease pandemicResearch & Humanities in Medical Education7, 89-93. Retrieved from
  13.  Chandran DS, Muthukrishnan SP, Barman SM, Peltonen LM, Ghosh S, Sharma R, Bhattacharjee M,  Rathore BB, Carroll RG, Sengupta J, Chan JYH, Ghosh D. IUPS Physiology Education Workshop series in India: organizational mechanics, outcomes, and lessons. Adv Physiol Educ. 2020 Dec 1;44(4):709-721. doi: 10.1152/advan.00128.2020. PMID: 33125254.
  14. Chandran DS, Muthukrishnan SP, Barman SM, Peltonen LM, Ghosh S, Sharma R, Bhattacharjee M, Rathore BB, Carroll R, Sengupta J, Ghosh D. Physiology without borders: report on physiology education workshops in India-IUPS Initiatives (2018-2019). Adv Physiol Educ. 2020 Sep 1;44(3):309-313. doi: 10.1152/advan.00050.2020. PMID: 32484399.
  15. Goh, L. K., Sow, C. F., & Ja'afar, S. (2020). Implementation of an Immunisation Project for the refugees using the Logic Model.  Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine20(3), 125-133.
  16. Hong, G., Chang, T. Y., Terry, A., Chuenjitwongsa, S., Park, Y. S., Tsoi, J. K., ... & Hsu, M. L. (2020). Guidelines for innovation in dental education during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemicJournal of oral science, 20-0399.
  17. Mitra NK, Aung HH, Kumari M, Perera J, Sivakumar A, Singh A, Nadarajah VD. Improving the learning process in anatomy practical sessions of chiropractic program using e-learning tool. Translational Research in Anatomy, 2021, 23: 100100. ISSN 2214-854X.
  18. Shahid Hassan. Practicing Through Emergency Remote Leaning: Experience of converting traditional lecture into a lesson plan during the COVID-19 Crisis. International Journal of Science and Research; Volume 9, Issue 12, December 2020: 1756-1764.
  1. Transferability of Faculty development resources. Olupeliyawa A, Venkateswaran S P, Wai N, Mendis K, Flynn E,Hu W. The Clinical Teacher,2019;16(3): 1-6. SCOPUS indexed. Cite Score: 0.4
  2. An analysis of the student’s performance and marking process in open-ended short answer questions in a medical program: a pilot study. Win TT, Yin KCP, Venkateswaran SP, Gholami SK, Wai N. Education in Medicine Journal. 2019;11(4).
  3. Evaluation of Computer-based Simulation Learning on Knowledge, Learning Approaches and Motivation among Pharmacy Students. Mai, Chun-Wai & Lee, E-Lyn & Wong, Pei-Se & Er, Hui-Meng. . Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research. 2019, 53. 595-602. 10.5530/ijper.53.4.120.
  4. Influencing factors and processes of interprofessional professional education (IPE) implementation. Pei Se Wong, Yu Sui Chen & Pui San Saw.  Medical Teacher, 2019, DOI:10.1080/0142159X.2019.1672864; Available at :
  5. Gaps in communication skills of doctors. Ariyananda, P.L., 2019.  Galle Medical Journal, 24(2), pp.1–3. DOI:
  6. The art and the science of history-taking and physical examination: Its relevance in modern day medicine. Ariyananda, P.L., 2019.  Galle Medical Journal, 24(1), pp.19–24. DOI:
  7. Medical students' orientation toward lifelong learning in an outcome-based curriculum and the lessons learnt. Ramamurthy S, Er HM, Devi Nadarajah V, Radhakrishnan AK. Med Teach. 2019 Aug 13:1-6. doi: 10.1080/0142159X.2019.1646894. [Epub ahead of print]
  8. Lessons Learnt from the Development and Implementation of an Online Assessment System for Medical Science Programmes. Er, H.M., Nadarajah, V.D., Hays, R.B. et al. Med.Sci.Educ. (2019).
  9. Twelve tips for enhancing student engagement. Peters H, Zdravkovic M, João Costa M, Celenza A, Ghias K, Klamen D, Mossop L, Rieder M, Devi Nadarajah V, Wangsaturaka D, Wohlin M, Weggemans M. Med Teach. 2019 Jun;41(6):632-637. doi: 10.1080/0142159X.2018.1459530. Epub 2018 Apr 22.
  10. Building a database for curriculum mapping and analytics. Kang, Y.B and Nadarajah, V.D. MedEdPublish (March 2019).
  11. Development and Validation of a Script Concordance Test (SCT) to Evaluate Ethical Reasoning Ability Among First and Fifth Year Students in a Medical School. Pau, A., Thangarajoo, S., Samuel, V.P., Wong, L.C., Wong, P.K., Matizha, P., Nalliah, S., Nadarajah, V.D. J Acad Ethics (2019) 17: 193.
  12. Twelve tips for institutional approach to outcome-based education in health professions programmes, Medical Teacher, Hui Meng Er, Vishna Devi Nadarajah, Yu Sui Chen, Snigdha Misra, Joachim Perera, Sneha Ravindranath & Yee Yee Hla (2019)  DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2019.1659942
  13. Student evaluation of the learning environment in an undergraduate pharmacy programme: Lessons for educators, Medical Teacher. Norul Hidayah Mamat, Vishna Devi Nadarajah, Hui Meng Er, Srinivasan Ramamurthy & Peter Chuen Keat Pook (2019), DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2019.1654089
  14. e-PBL: An Innovation to Promote Active Learning and Decrease Cognitive Overload among Medical Students. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, Heethal Jaiprakash, Anudeep Singh, Anupam Biswas, Jaiprakash Mohanraj, Sarmishtha Ghosh (2019), 10(4): 1403-07
  15. Ramachandran G, Ko KMA, Ghosh S (2019) The “failure to fail” phenomenon in the clinical long case Examination.   Quest International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences. [internet], 2019 [2019/7/1]; 2(1):3-7. Available from:
  1. Perceptions of medical students towards the use of Internet in the learning process of problem-based learning. Mitra NK, Ganaeswaren K, Berundang PP.  Education in Medicine Journal. 2018;10(4):1–7.
  2. Assessment of attitudes for interprofessional team working and knowledge of health professions competencies for final year health professional students. PS Wong, SS Hasan, JL Ooi, LSH Lim and VD Nadarajah . Published online: 2 January, TAPS 2018, 3(1), 27-37
  3. Development of an Institutional Assessment Framework.  Er HM, Nadarajah VD, Radhakrishnan AK. Medical Education (Accepted January 2018. Mar 24. doi: 10.1111/medu.13568) Theme: Really Good Stuff.
  4. Do Medical Student ‘On-Call Reflective Reports’ Indicate Their Sensitization To Emotional Intelligence. Ariyananda P L, accepted for publication by TAPS for publication in September 2018 issue.
  5. Personal domains assessed in multiple mini interviews (MMIs) for healthcare student selection: a narrative synthesis systematic review. Callwood A, Kotronoulas G, Schneider A, Jeevaratnam K, Lewis L, Nadarajah VD. Nurse Education Today (2018 May;64:56-64. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2018.01.016. Epub 2018 Jan 31)
  6. Pharmacy Students' Perceptions of Reflective Portfolios, and the Effect of the Portfolio on Students' Deep Information-Processing Skills. Hui Meng Er, Marcus Kuek Jia Ming, Pei Sin Keng, Vishna Devi Nadarajah. American Journal of Pharmacy Education (Accepted March 2018, in press)
  7. Twelve tips for enhancing student engagement. Harm Peters, Marko Zdravkovic, Manuel João Costa, Tony Celenza, Kulsoom Ghias, Debra Klamen, Liz Mossop, Michael Rieder, Vishna Devi Nadarajah, Danai Wangsaturaka, Martin Wohlin, and Margot Weggemans. Medical Teacher (2018 Apr 22:1-6. doi: 10.1080/0142159X.2018.1459530.)
  1. Attitude, knowledge and ethical perception toward precision medicine among junior and senior medical students: Findings from one Malaysian medical school. Koh KC, Goonasakaren S, Ng LK, Chua YL, Lee JY, Ang ADT. IeJSME, 2017; 11(3): 10-19.
  2. Bibliometric analysis and curriculum mapping of travel medicine research. Flaherty GT, Yap KL. Journal of Travel Medicine, 2017; 24(5): tax024. DOI:
  3. A national effort to introducing paediatric bioethics in Malaysia: A report and declaration of a National Paediatric Bioethics Symposium. Khoo EJ. Asian Bioethics Review, 2017; 9(1-2): 153-155. DOI:
  4. Anatomical knowledge among medical, dental and health science professionals. Aung HH, Htet H, Goh PS, Choo SCF. Journal of Medical Science and  Clinical Research, 2017; 5(11): 30112-30118. [IMU undergraduate research Project ID: BCh I/2017 (12)].
  5. Attitudes and readiness of students of healthcare professions towards interprofessional learning. Kannan MK, Kingston R, Khoo SP, Kumar D, Alwis RD, Chui HC, Tan LL, Tan YN, Lau SY. PloS ONE, 2017; 12(1): e0168863. [IMU internal grant -BP I-01-12 (49) 2015].
  6. Clinical audit training improves undergraduates’ performance in root canal therapy. Fong JYM, Tan VJH, Lee JR, Foong AYJ, Tan JME, Parolia A, Pau A. European Journal of Dental Education, 2017; 00: 1–7.
  7. Does central vetting improve construct quality of one-best-answer items in medical school: An audit. Kwa SK, Majeed Z, Varman S. IeJSME, 2017; 11(3): 3-9.
  8. Editorial: Keyword based learning in medical education. Patil PG. International Journal of Prosthodontics & Restorative Dentistry, 2017; 7(1): V.
  9. Effects of Situation, Background, Assessment, and Recommendation (SBAR) usage on communication skills among nurses in a private hospital in Kuala Lumpur. Ho SE, Teh AGK, Thanaletchumi A/P Mani. Journal of Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences University, 2017; 6(2): 74-78. ISSN 2231-4261.
  10. Emotional exhaustion is associated with work related stressors: A cross-sectional multicenter study in Malaysian public hospitals. Khoo EJ, Aldubai S, Ganasegeran K, Lee XE, Atikah NZ, Tan KK. Archivos argentina de pediatria, 2017; 115: 212-219. [IMU Internal Grant: CSc/Sem6(36)2014].
  11. Ethics rounds: Ethical concerns when minors act as standardised patients. Khoo EJ, Schremmer RD, Diekema DS, Lantos JD. Pediatrics, 2017; 139: e20162795.
  12. Evaluation of workshop for training houseofficers and medical officers on medical emergencies using simulation for workplace preparedness. Subramaniam T, Tan AJ. IeJSME, 2017; 11(1): 33-38.
  13. Evaluation on Students Perception on Live Online Virtual e-Problem Based Learning (LOVE-PBL) by using Google Hangouts. Hazwanie Hashim, David Chong, Hui Meng Er, Pran Kishore Deb, Pei Se Wong, Mun Sun Lee, Mari Kannan Maharajan, Hasnain Zafar Baloch, E Lyn Lee. Education in Medicine Journal 2017, DOI 10.5959/eimj.v9i4.545
  14. Factors associated with faculty participation in research activities in dental schools. Pau A, Omar H, Khan S, Jassim A, Seow LL, Toh CG. Singapore Dental Journal, 2017; 38: 45-54. doi: 10.1016/j.sdj.2017.08.001.
  15. Feasibility of implementing chronic care model in the Malaysian public primary care setting. Ariffin F, Ramli AS, Daud MH, Haniff J, Abdul-Razak S, Selvarajah S, Lee VK, Tong SF, Bujang MA. Medical Journal of Malaysia, 2017; 72(2): 106-112.
  16. Implementing professionalism by deprofessionalized strategies: A moral quandary. Ahmadi K, Hasan SS. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, 2017; 9(1): 9-11. doi: 10.1016/j.cptl.2016.08.032.
  17. Narrative Medicine: An unexplored perspective in the medical curriculum to enhance patient-centredness and empathy in medical students. Thuraisingham C, Nalliah S. IeJSME, 2017; 11(2): 4-13. 
  18. Patients' perceptions of dental students' empathic, person-centered care in a dental school clinic in Malaysia. Babar MG, Hasan SS, Yong WM, Mitha S, Al Waeli HA. Journal of Dental Education, 2017; 81(4): 404-412.
  19. Performance of medical students in final professional examination: Can in course continuous assessments (ICA) predict students at risk? Gupta ED, Motilal T, Nagandla K, Gangadaran S, Teng CL. The National Medical Journal of India, 2017; accepted for publication. Manuscript No. 5213/332/2016.
  20. Pharmacy students' anxiety towards research during their undergraduate degree; How to reduce it? Maharajan MK, Rajiah K, Tam AM, Chaw SL, Ang MJ, Yong MW. PLoS ONE, 2017; 12(4): e0176095. [IMU internal grant -BP I-01-12 (30) 2016].
  21. Predictors and factors associated with academic career decision-making among pharmacy students. Maharajan MK, Rajiah K, Shanmugavelu S. Pharmacy Education, 2017; 17(1): 87-94. [IMU internal grant -BP I-01-11 (29) 2014].
  22. Serving an indigenous community: Exploring the cultural competence of medical students in a rural setting. Wong CH, Chen LP, Koh KC, Chua SH, Jong DCH, Fauzi NMM, Lim SY. Gateways: International Journal of Community Research and Engagement, 2017; 10: 97-120. DOI:
  23. Simulation-based instruction for pharmacy practice skill development: A review of the l iterature. Hasan SS, Kumar S, Chong DWK, Ahmed SI. Archives of Pharmacy Practice, 2017; 8 (2): 43-50; DOI: 10.4103/app.app_68_16.
  24. Social and communicative functions of informed consent forms in East Asia and beyond. Yoshizawa G, Sasongko TH, Ho C-H, Kato K. Frontiers in Genetics, 2017; In-press.
  25. Student preparedness characteristics important for clinical learning: Perspectives of supervisors from medicine, pharmacy and nursing.Banneheke H, Nadarajah VD, Ramamurthy S, Sumera A, Ravindranath S, Jeevaratnam K, Efendie B, Chellamuthu L, Krishnappa P, Peterson R. BMC Medical Education, 2017; 17(1): 130. doi: 10.1186/s12909-017-0966-4.
  26. Students’ perception on the use of QR code versus traditional pen-and-paper as an attendance record tool in medical school. Koh KC, Ariyananda PL, Gupta ED, Khajotia RR, Nagappan S, Visuvanathan VV, Mahmood MM, Chua SH, Chung PS. . Journal of Mobile Technology in Medicine, 2017; accepted for publication.
  27. Swimming against the tide in STEM education and gender equality: A problem of recruitment or retention in Malaysia. Goy SC, Wong YL, Low WY, Siti Nurani MN, Zahra F-K. Journal of Studies in Higher Education, 2017; in press.
  28. Tomorrow's doctors and dentists in Malaysia: Empathic or indifferent? Babar MG, Hasan SS, Lim LP, Lim PJ, Nik Mohd Rosdy NMM, Ahmad SFB. . European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare, 2017; 5(2): 205-212.